Garfield-Butler Group

Garfield/Butler Group, Hillsboro Mining District

The Garfield/Butler mine group is southwest of Empire Peak in the Animas Hills northeast of Hillsboro.  There were three claims in this valley.  The lowest shaft is probably the Silas claim, the shaft now has water in it at about 60' of depth.  The next major shaft on the south side of the valley is probably the Butler, and the highest claim in the valley is the Garfield.  The dike of latite porphyry which the claims cover is still clearly visible as it runs up the side of the mountain (see photo below).  

Garfield_Butler Vein


This claim map is from "The Geology and Ore Deposits of Sierra County, New Mexico" by George Townsend Harley, p. 143. 

Garfield Claim Map


Gold, silver, and copper were the main sources of income from these mines.  Pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite, chalcocite, malachite, azurite, and sulfates of copper and zinc were all present.

Jose Arelet mined ore from the surface of the dike from 1878 to 1879, making a profit of $10,000.  "From 1897 to 1900, Robin and Macy drove the tunnel on the vein and stoped out ground about it...(stopes of 150')...still later, A. L. Bird of Hillsboro extended this winze to a depth of 60 feet below the tunnel level.  At 40 feet he encountered a quartz veinlet which was followed to the northeast for 108 feet, and from which ore worth $4,000 was shipped in two products..." (ibid. p. 144)  A. L. Bird was the stepfather of Federico Antonio Chavez Luna and is referenced in Mr. Luna's interview.

Video of the shafts at this site will be included in "Mines of the Hillsboro Mining District - Volume Two".

A walk from the Hillsboro Transfer Station to the mine shaft (2.9 miles) is described in the Garfield-Butler Mine Walk.

Garfield/Butler Group, Hillsboro Mining District

Garfield/Butler Group, Hillsboro Mining District

Garfield/Butler Group, Hillsboro Mining District

Garfield/Butler Group, Hillsboro Mining District


© Robert Barnes 2017-2018